Hair Transplantation is the surgery where hair follicles are transferred from one area to another. In particular, we remove hair follicular units from the donor area (at the back and at the sides of the
head) and put them in the recipient area (wherever we need them to give density and coverage).
In modern hair transplantation 3 surgical techniques are used:
- Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
In this Hair Transplantation technique, a series of hair follicles are removed from the donor area. The area is closed with a thin suture and then the hair follicles are separated with the use of special microscopes. In the donor area remains a horizontal scar, usually 1-2mm wide, easily covered with hair.
- Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
In this hair transplantation technique individual hair follicles are removed from the donor area. No stitches are used. In the donor area remains a small, unsteady scar less than one millimeter for each hair follicle removed, easily covered with hair.
- BHT Technique
The Body Hair Transplantation technique, BHT, is a variant of the FUE technique for removing hair follicles from areas of the body other than the donor area on the head.
What does modern Hair Transplantation can achieve?
Hair transplantation does not create new hair growth and does not stop hair loss but “redistributes” the existing hair shaft. Modern Hair Transplantation does not restore all hair that are gone, but aims to successfully create the image of coverage. With modern Hair Transplantation, we can fully cover almost all the emptied areas, even in people with extensive hair loss. In modern hair transplantation we can achieve a natural appearance by mimicking original hair orientation.
The goals of Hair Transplantation are three:
- Improving the patient’s image by providing coverage of thinning or emptied areas
- Must be natural, so it has to follow the direction and angle of natural hair
- Minimal tissue injury.
A basic prerequisite for being a candidate for Hair Transplantation is that there are satisfactory hair follicular characteristics in the donor area, such as major density and thickness.
What Does Modern Hair Transplantation include?
- Hair transplantation is a “redistribution” of the existing hair. In particular, only hair follicular units -and not groups- are transplanted from the donor area of the permanent hair (back of the head) to the areas with thinning or complete hair loss (recipient area).
- Hair follicle is the natural form of hair growth on the scalp, just like “clusters” containing 1, 2, 3, 4 or 5 hairs. The hair follicular units are transplanted in their natural form, just as they are in the area where they were removed from. They are not prepared into smaller grafts and they are not combined in larger implants, as it was commonly performed in previous techniques until 1995.
These hair follicle units are not affected by the androgens that causes hair loss and keep their original characteristics for a lifetime, without ever being affected by hair loss.
- The hair produced by the transplanted hair follicles are not affected by hair loss. They grow naturally and we can brush, style dye and cut them . Generally, they do not require any special care.
- New hair begin to grow after 3 months from the day of the hair transplantation. They grow gradually and we have the final result on the 10th to 12th month after the operation.
- The final result differs from one another, as it results from the combination of various parameters, such as the areas to be covered, the number of FUs we can obtain with safety from the donor area, the average number of hair in each follicular unit, the average hair diameter, the color contrast between hair and scalp, if the hair is straight , wavy or curly and other parameters.
- The combinations of these parameters explain the fact that even for Hair Transplantations with the same number of hair follicles, the final result will differ from patient to patient.